ZRS Kolhapur

Research achievement

The research is in progress in the disciplines of the Agronomy, Botany, Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Entomology, Soil science, Agril Engineering, Agril Economics, Animal science and Extension. The achievements made in the different disciplines after inception of NARP are as follows :
    Crop improvement Crop varieties released
    Paddy Indrayani, Kundalika, Pawana
    Maize Panchanganga
    Sugarcane Co-7527, Co-8014 (Mahalaxmi), Co-86032
    Chilli Phule-Sai
    Finger-millet (Nagli) RAU-8
  1. Crop Management : Recommendations are as given below

    1. Paddy
      • Application of blue green algae @ 15 to 20 kg/ha and Azolla @ 5 tonne/ha saves 25 kg of nitrogen/ha.
      • Drilled paddy (dry sowing) be fertilized with 50 kg each of N P K at the time of sowing, remaining half dose of N (50 kg N/ha) should be applied 15 days after germination.
      • Application of 6, 8 &10 tonnes of Glyricidia per ha saves nitrogen to the extent of 50, 75 and 100 % respectively.
      • Paddy grown under submerged condition should be given 50 kg each of N P and K at the time of sowing whereas half dose of N (50 kg N/ha) be applied after recede of flood.
      • Pusa Basumati variety should be transplanted at 15 x15 cm and be fertilize with 100:50:50 N P K along with loppings of 10 tonnes of Glyricidia per hectare.

    2. Sorghum
      • Kharif sorghum should be sown immediately after onset of monsoon or within a week after onset of monsoon on light type of soils.
      • Sorghum in kharif should be sown immediately after onset of monsoon with spacing of either 30 x 10 cm or 30 x 15 cm on medium to deep soils with plant density of 2.20 lakhs per ha
      • Kharif sorghum should be fertilized with 120 kg N, 50 kg P, 60 kg K per ha each along with broadcasting of amaranthus seed @ 1 kg per ha at sowing and subsequently incorporated in the soil 30 days after sowing as a green manure.
      • Rabi sorghum (variety CSV-14R and M-35-1) grown on medium black soil be given four protective irrigation at critical growth stages.

    3. Sugarcane
      • Application of 250 kg N/ha through urea pallets or urea blended with neem cake (ratio 6:1) in four splits (10:40:10:40) for suru sugarcane is recommended.
      • Application of Ormichem (micronutrient) @ 150 kg/ha for plant cane and 112.5 kg/ha for ratoon sugarcane saves N to the extent of 50-75 kg/ha and P and K by 25 kg/ha
      • Under limited irrigations during summer season, the recommended dose of NPK be applied in three splits as 20 % NPK at planting, 20 % at 6 to 8 weeks after planting and remaining 60 % at the time of onset of monsoon.
      • The suru sugarcane variety Co-7527 be fertilized with 25 % more than the recommended dose of NPK (310 kg N, 144 kg P and 144 kg K per hectare).
      • The sugarcane variety Co-7527 and Co-8014 grown under flood prone area be planted in the month of November.
      • Application of Atrazine and 2-4-D sodium salt @ 1 kg/ha after off-barring and irrigation effectively control the weeds in ratoon sugarcane.
      • In sugarcane-soyabean inter-cropping system ; soyabean should be sown on one side of ridge at 15 cm spacing.

    4. Jaggery
        A. For the good quality Jaggery
      • Lower dose of 200 kg N/ha is recommended along with P and K @ 115 kg/ha.
      • Planting of suru sugarcane is recommended in the month of December or January.
      • Ratoon sugarcane can be used.
      • Jaggery prepared without hydros has higher color intensity and less reducing sugars hence has good keeping quality as compared to jaggery prepared by using hydros.
      • Application of 150 kg Ormichem in two equal splits, i.e., 50 % at planting and 50 % at earthing up improves the quality of jaggery
      • Application of 150 kg K/ha to suru sugarcane variety Co-7527 helps to maintain juice quality and minimize cane yield losses at late harvest under Kolhapur conditions.
      • The liquid jaggery prepared at 150 deg C to 100 deg C showed good keeping quality and addition of citric acid @ 0.04 % helps to minimize crystalization and improves the color during storage. Use of 0.1 % potassium meta bi sulphite or 0.5 % benzoic acid as a preservative improves keeping quality of jaggery.

        Similarly for good quality of Jaggery

      • The released variety Co-8014, CoC-671 and Co-86032 are suitable
      • Sugarcane should be crushed within 12 hours after harvesting
      • Application of lime is recommended to maintain the pH at 5.5 to 6.5.
      • Application of bhendi mucilage or guwar flour @ 2 kg or soyabean seedmeal @ 1 kg as clarificant per 1000 litre sugarcane juice is recommended
      • The sugarcane varieties Co-86032, Co-8014, Co-7527 and Co-8011 (promising) showed better performance in respect of quality upto 14 months crop age.
      • Juice extracted through chromium plated rollers of crusher using stainless steel boiling pan minimize iron content.

        B. Storage and keeping quality

      • IISR gur drying-cum-storage bin of 1 quintal capacity is recommended
      • Jaggery moulds of smaller size bucket and brick shape is recommended

    5. Maize
      • Inter cropping of leafy vegetables like safflower, methi & corriander in rabi maize with 120 kg N per ha is recommended.
      • Inter cropping of maize in drilled paddy is not recommended .
      • Sowing of kharif maize sown immediately after onset of monsoon or within a week after onset of monsoon is recommeded.

    6. Fingermillet
      • Dry sown fingermillet on lighter types of soil either by drilling or by dibbling method from 28th May to 17th June increases the grain as well as straw yield.
      • Godawari variety sown on medium black soil be applied with 60 kg N and 20 kg P and K per ha.
      • The fertilizer dose of 30 kg N and 20 kg of P and K per ha each at the time of sowing is recommended for direct sown fingermillet (Var.B-11 or Dapoli-1)

    7. Groundnut (Kharif)
      • Phule-Pragati be sown during 11th to 17th June on medium deep soils.
      • Kharif groundnut (Phule Pragati) - Safflower crop sequence be followed on medium deep soil, whereas kharif groundnut-rabi sorghum sequence be followed on deep soils.
      • Phule Pragati be fertilized with 10 kg N and 30 kg P and K each per hectare while in sequence with rabi sorghum be fertilized with 40 kg N and 50 kg P and K each per hectare.

    8. Soybean
      • On slopy marginal soil, soybean (variety MACS-13 and Monetta) should be sown at 45 x 5 cm spacing and be fertilized with 50 kg N and 100 kg P and K per hectare each.
      • On medium deep vertisol soil, the midlate soybean variety MACS-13 be fertilized with 90 kg N, 60 kg P and K per ha. each, whereas for an early variety Monetta; 80 kg N 55 kg P and K per ha. each be applied.
      • Sowing of Kharif soybean should be undertaken from 27th May to 24th June on deep soils.
      • Under rainfed situations on deep black soils, application of 25 kg N 75 kg P and K per ha each at the time of sowing is recommended for soybean variety MACS-124.
      • Spraying of ethrel 1000 ppm increases the yield of soybean.

    9. Chilli
      • Rainfed chilli variety S-32 should be fertilized with 75 kg nitrogen variety NP-46A with 100 kg nitrogen along with 25 kg P& K each & 8 tonnes of FYM per ha. At the time of harrowing half quantity of FYM be spread uniformly & remaining half should be utilised for spot application along with 25kg P & K each at the time of transplanting. The dose of nitrogen is given in to two splits; first half dose is given by ring method 8 to10 days after transplanting & reaming half be given one month after transplanting.
      • Soybean is not recommended as an intercrop in chilli on the medium deep soils.

    10. Plant Protection
      • Leaf roller of teak -wood [ hybloeapuera, Noctuidae Lepidoptera] can be controlled with application of 0.01 percent Fenvalerate 25E.C.[ 4ml in 10 lit of water ]
      • Application of dimethoate 0.03 percent or fenvalerate 0.01 percent or endosulphan 0.05 percent or monocrotophos control the girdle beetle of soybean.
      • Spraying of either cypermethrin 0.01 percent of fenvalerate 0.01 percent or chlopyriphos 0.05 % of Mithyl parathion 0.05 % or dusting of Methyl Parathion 2 % dust @ 20 kg per hectar controls the armyworm on maize crop.

    11. Soil and Water Conservation
      • Application of one or two protective irrigation from the harvested runoff during dry spells increases the yield of kharif crops.
      • Vegetative bunds planted with native and improved grasses at 90 to 100 cm vertical interval conserves the soil and moisture effectively on slopy marginal land with 4 to 8 percent slope

    12. Intercropping
      • Intercropping of sorghum and soybean be followed in 2:1 to 2:4 row proportions.

    13. Sequence cropping/Cropping systems
      • With limited irrigation facilities, the kharif groundnut (Phule Pragati) - safflower or rabi sorghum sequence be followed on medium to deep black soils.
      • Kharif soybean followed by rabi sorghum cropping system is recommended on residual moisture effectively.
      • Soybean-wheat sequence cropping be followed on medium deep soils by applying 50 kg N + 75 kg P and K per ha each to soybean and 90 kg N 50 kg P and K each and 45 kg K to suceeding wheat crops.

    14. Horticulture
      • Afforestation of marginal and slopy land of sub montane zone is possible by planting Glyricidia, Khair, Subabhul, Cassia, Sissoo, Teak, Autralian accacia, Jamuon, Karonda, Khaya, Seneglanses, Mulberry by using pitures for watering for first two years.
      • Farm forestry with teak and subabhul at 2 x 2 m distance nurtured by watering with pitures and fertilizer application for first three years is recommended on shallow lateritic soils, hill slopes and marginal soils in submontane zone.
      • Gadiolus varieties viz., Sancerre, Suchitra and Selection-1 are recommended for cultivation during winter season.
      • To obtain maximum dry herbage yield of davana 1) to transpant at 7.5 x 10 cm spacing 2) apply fertilizer 50:40:60 kg NPK with 6 tonnes of FYM per ha as a basal and 50 kg N per ha as top dress one month after transplantng.
      • Foliar application of 125 ppm GA coupled with pinching three weeks after transplanting be done.

    15. Animal & Dairy Science
      • The Pandharpuri buffaloes have high reproductive efficiency, low feed intake as compared to Murrah breed of buffalloes.
      • Pandharpuri breed is medium sized animal having average body weight of 410 kg which is almost 50 to 100 kg less than that of heavy breeds like Murrah.
      • The average lactational milk yield is 1500 litre. Highest milk record is 1745 litre in 5th lactation.
      • The age of puberty, age at first conception, age at first calving in Pandharpuri buffaloes is 928, 1007 and 1297 days respectively.
      • The average service period, dry period and inter calving period in Pandharpuri buffallo is 117, 144 and 465 days respectively.
      • The milk yield obtained at the stage of 90, 180 and 305 days were 492, 936 and 1507 litres respectively. This shows the persistence in milk yield throughout the lactation.